- Amputation and Secondary Conditions: Physical Activity Can Reduce Secondary Conditions in Youths With Limb Differences
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Pain is a Major Secondary Condition Among People with Spinal Cord Injury
- Exercise Video List
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: The Age of Empowerment: People with Disabilities Decreasing Their Risk of Secondary Condition Development
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Osteoporosis Risk and Low Bone Mineral Density for People with Disabilities
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Universal Design and Accessibility Issues that Impact Health and Function for All
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Promoting Enabling and Empowering Fitness Environments to Increase Exercise and Improve Health for People with Multiple Sclerosis
- Community Voice: Program Spotlight: Right Fit - Sport, Fitness & Wellness
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Non-Traditional Exercise as a Way of Preventing Secondary Conditions - Part II
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention
- Defining Secondary Conditions for People with Disabilities
- Secondary Condition Prevention: Building Your Own "Health Empowerment Zone"
- No More Sores: Preventing Pressure Sores for People with SCI
- Exercise Reduces Secondary Conditions in Children with Cerebral Palsy
- Focus on Secondary Condition Prevention: Lower Limb Amputation and Long-Term Prosthesis Use
|Jennifer Rowland, Ph.D.|
Kathy has found that when she does not exercise, there is increased risk of secondary conditions that become functionally limiting, specifically spasticity and weakness. Pain is also a common secondary condition for Kathy, as well as for many other people with disabilities (Houlihan et al., 2004; Law et al., 2006). Kathy manages her pain by performing stretching and breathing/meditation exercises. Research examining quality of life and participation limitations for people with disabilities also identifies pain as a common limitation to initiating and maintaining an exercise program. For Kathy, although the pain is present throughout her exercise program, her focus on activities such as stretching and the variety and enjoyment of participating in sit-skiing and a high ropes challenge course have allowed her to minimize its effect on her exercise routine.
Kathy's story provides evidence that choosing and adapting engaging exercise programs is essential to maintaining a life-long interest, and participation in exercise can prevent or decrease the risk for certain secondary conditions. Celebrate National Girls and Women in Sports Day this month by selecting an engaging exercise for yourself!
- Houlihan, C.M., O'Donnell, M., Conaway, M., & Stevenson, R.D. (2004). Bodily pain and health-related quality of life in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 46, 305-310.
- Law, M., King, G., King, S., Kertoy, M., Hurley, P., Rosenbaum, P., Young, N., & Hanna, S. (2006). Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48, 337-342.
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