- Improving Nutrition in the Schools
- A Paradigm Shift in Youth Sports and Recreation Is Needed to Include More Youths with Disabilities and Health Conditions Including Obesity into the Mainstream of Sports and Recreation in America
- Obesity in Youth With and Without Disabilities
- Obesity is a Major Concern for Youth and Adults with Disabilities
- Body composition in Prader-Willi syndrome compared with nonsyndromal obesity: Relationship to physical activity and growth hormone function.
- Low Muscle Strength and Obesity May Lead to Troublesome Health Concerns in Later Life in Adults with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities
- A Personal Story on How Obesity Affects One Person with a Disability
- Obesity Swells Into a Mega-Epidemic
- Are You At Risk? Understanding BMI and What It Means to You
- Aerobic Fitness and Obesity in Adolescents and Young Adults with Spina Bifida
- Special Olympics Makes Its Mark in Ames, Iowa
- Obesity and Physical Fitness of Pre-Adolescent Children During the Academic Year and the Summer Period
- Obesity Is a Major Secondary Condition Among People with Mental Illness
- Obesity and Mental Illness
- Obesity Rates in Youth with Disabilities
Emerson, E. (2005). Underweight, obesity and exercise among adults with intellectual disabilities in supported accommodation in Northern England. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49(2), 134-143.
The purpose of this study was to present data, on a larger scale than previously reported, on weight and exercise among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) living in supported accommodations in Northern England.
Data from 1,542 adults with ID who resided in supported accommodations outside of their family home were compared to data from the Health Survey for England 1998 and 2001.
Body Mass Index (BMI) and levels of physical activity were measured in the 1,542 adults. Height and weight were taken from existing records and the Physical Activity Scale was used to obtain information on how many times an individual performed moderate to vigorous physical activity during the 4 weeks prior to the interview.
Men and women with ID living in supported accommodations were found at increased risk for being underweight and inactive, with only 4% of participants meeting the criteria of being "physically active." Women with ID were at also at an increased risk of obesity compared to women in the general population. The most able and moderately able people with ID were at greater risk of obesity, the least able at greater risk of being underweight and physically inactive, while younger people were at greater risk of underweight, and older people were at increased risk of obesity.
Results suggest that when compared to the general population, men and women with ID in supported accommodations are at increased risk of being underweight and inactive, and the women are at increased risk of obesity. The increased behavioral health risks were found to be associated with gender, severity of ID, age, and location.